5 UNLAWFUL REASONS AN EMPLOYER CAN FIRE YOU

5 UNLAWFUL REASONS AN EMPLOYER CAN FIRE YOU

In some cases, staff may get fired inappropriately for little or no reason at all. Sometimes, it may be due to some form of discrimination against the employee. This might be based on race, religion, age or even gender.

Labor laws are put in place for the overall welfare of workers and also protect them in the case of illegal terminations. However, some employers will defy these laws and proceed to terminate workers illegally.  

5 UNLAWFUL REASONS AN EMPLOYER CAN FIRE YOU

Below are some of the 5 most common reasons for illegal termination at work in California:

  1. DISCRIMINATION

California’s workplace laws disqualify any “discriminatory” reasons as a lawful excuse to fire staff at will.

The Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) is California’s top anti discrimination law that caters to workers. It emphasizes employers discriminating against their staff based on;

  1. a) Age;Foremployees past the age of forty.
  2. b)Race;Hispanic, Black, country of origin.
  3. c)Religion; Islam and Christian etc.
  4. d) Marital Status;married, singleor divorced.
  5. e)StanceOn sexuality; LGBTQ or 
  6. f)Militaryor veteran 

It is not allowed for employers to demonstrate a bias towards workers of a certain class. It is, also, not recognized as a lawful reason to terminate a worker’s contract if the reason may be discriminatory in nature. Violators of certain sections of the FEHA will be fined.

  1. REVENGE

Employees might wish to make a complaint about their employer and their behavior. Most labor laws in California protect employees from being picked on or laid off as the result of reporting their employer for negative behavior.

Some likely scenarios in which the laws exempt staff from being illegally terminated in California include:

  1. a)Employersdefaulting on wages
  2. b)Employersengaging in unlawful activities
  3. c)Raisingcomplaints in the event of workplace conditions that might pose a risk to safety

Other situations include disclosure of income to other employees and disclosure of company working conditions. This applies only to certain information that is not legally protected, such as trade secrets.

  1. TAKING TIME OFF

There are many benefits attached to most jobs such as HMOs, sick leaves and maternity leaves amongst others. Employees are entitled to take these leaves when requested as long as they are eligible for it.

When an employer decides to terminate staff for taking one of such leaves, it is considered illegal. Some of the most common types of leaves entitled to employees are:

  1. a) Medical andfamilyleave for a period of up to 3 months.
  2. b)Leaveon the grounds of a serious health challenge of a close relative, after the employee has fulfilled certain requirements.
  3. c)Paidsick leave which employees have the right to take accrued leaves at once.
  4. d)Nursingmother taking a lactation  This is the time of the day when the mother is free to breastfeed.

Other leaves for which an employee is entitled to include; military leave, time off to vote amongst others. The laws of California do not permit an employer to lay off staff for taking any of these aforementioned leaves when necessary.

  1. VIOLATION OF PUBLIC POLICY

There are cases where an employee fires staff for reasons, which do not violate the law. However, the employer might have breached a fundamental public policy. Cases such as this still provide illegal claims for firing a staff.

A situation which violates public policy is when staff is laid off for refusing to do something illegal or inappropriate. Several types of illegal terminations violate public policy under California’s labor laws.

  1. VIOLATION OF THE EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT

Employment in California is said to be “at-will” by default. This means the employee is free to leave the job any time, and the employer can also lay them off at any time. This includes reasons considered lawful and unlawful.

This presents a kind of tricky situation. Your boss could arrive after an argument with his spouse and fire the first worker who upsets him that morning. The employee cannot claim this being an illegal reason to be laid off. At the same time, it does not count as being unlawful.

However, some employees sign contracts with their bosses. A reason such as breach of contract or negligence of duty is a lawful reason to terminate one’s employment. In this instance, termination of the employees appointment is only permissible when the clearly stated contract in the terms are breached.

Finally, working in California has state laws that cater to employees. Though employers exercise lots of power, you have the ability, as an employee, to speak up when you feel you have been fired unjustly. Some cases of illegal employment termination may be settled in court or out of court. What is important is that employees who are illegally terminated are adequately compensated or reinstated.

If you would like to learn more about California’s state laws aside from labor laws, reach out to us today. We are just a call or click away.

Our Capabilities

The best lawyers keep their cool and their sense of humor when declaring all out war
The best lawyers keep their cool and their sense of humor when declaring all out war
The veteran move is to insist on getting what you need at the scene of a car accident
The veteran move is to insist on getting what you need at the scene of a car accident
Listen as this disgusting defense lawyer exposes himself
Listen as this disgusting defense lawyer exposes himself
after watching the Jhonny Depp
After watching the Johny Depp and Amber Heard trial
Yasi
Personal Injury Case
Last year I was involved in a car accident case that left me feeling hopeless and lost. Samy eased my angst and was extremely knowledgeable about car accident cases. He took his time to thoroughly explain to me step by step the process and made sure that I was aware of my rights and the...
Ramon
Top dollar for my car crash
Picking my lawyer was not easy. Two guys said my case wasn’t worth it for them – Samy didnt. He took my case and helped me get my medical treatments so my back dont hurt like before. Now he gave me a lot more money than even I was hoping and I am feeling much...
Sarah
Personalized support and gave me options
I needed help with a difficult employment situation due to disability accommodations. It was extremely stressful to handle. I consulted Samy and explained how I wasn’t in a headspace to handle the convos with HR anymore due to the stress and how it was making my health worse. I was ready to quit and wanted...

The House Passes Bill to Protect Federal Workers From Sexual Harassment

The House Passes Bill to Protect Federal Workers From Sexual...

How Unemployment Laws Differ in Each State

While some employees may receive severance bonuses when they leave...

MyStory Employee Rights Advocacy In The Community

Our Advocates pride ourselves in serving our nonprofit organizations, civil services organizations, and grassroots working communities across in Southern California. We offer know your rights presentations to communities of all economic, ethnic, and religious backgrounds to overview key employment rights every worker should know. If you or your organization would like to partner with Workers’ Advocate to arrange a free in-person presentation.